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Stock

Matthiola incana, the Gilliflower. Originally a Mediterranean native, this centuries-old heirloom has been an essential component of British cottage gardens since the 1600's. In 1771, it was recorded that Thomas Jefferson was growing them. Prized for their spicy clove scent, Stock has stalks studded with small, semi-double flowers. Perfect for fragrant garden borders, Stock is also an awesome cutting flower. It can be sown outdoors after all threat of frost has passed but it is best started indoors 6 to 8 weeks before transplanting out after the last spring frost date. Deer resistant. Annual. Summer flowering. Height: 18".

Average seed life: 4 years.

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Gardening Tips

Stocks Sowing Instructions
Planting Depth
:0”
Seed Spacing:8”-10”
Plant Spacing:12”-18”
Days to Germination:7-14 days
Germination Temperature:65°-75°F

Matthiola incana. Stock, an old-fashioned cottage flower, can be sown outdoors after the danger of frost has passed, yet it is best started indoors 6 to 8 weeks before transplanting out after all danger of frost has passed. Sow seeds on top of soil mix, leaving the seeds uncovered but pressed firmly onto the soil surface, as light aids germination. Provide even moisture, strong light and luke warm water. Prepare a garden bed in full to partial sunlight with rich, well-draining soil. Harden off the seedlings by gradually acclimating them outside over 1 to 2 weeks. Carefully transplant them 12" to 18" apart. Prized for their spicy clove scent, Stock has stalks studded with small, semi-double flowers ranging from white to pale pink to deep burgundy. It makes a great garden display or cut flower. Summer flowering. Height: 18".