Ocimum basilicum. Gardeners are eager to enjoy Basil's intensely aromatic leaves, so they generally seed too early, with poor results. This heavenly herb originated in Africa and can't handle life outdoors until evenings are warm. To prevent damping off
, use good-quality starter mix, provide ventilation and water lightly until established. Direct-sow when soil and weather are reliably warm after all threat of frost has passed
. Basil prefers rich soil; keep plants producing lushly by frequent trimming and fertilizing. Deer resistant. Annual. (OP.)
Average seed life: 3 years.