This ancient family includes popular "continental" greens, most preferring cool weather and evenly moist soil. You can sow them in the spring as soon as the soil can be worked, when the soil is about 45°F degrees. However, late summer sowing for fall and winter harvest may be more successful. Wild at heart, most Chicories prefer to be direct-sown in moderately fertile soil; too much added fertilizer, especially nitrogen, can cause them to bolt. With all varieties, keep soil lightly moist until seedlings emerge. Chicories have varying degrees of bitter flavor and their dense texture adds desirable dimension to salads. Deer resistant.
Average seed life: 2 years.